In this tutorial we introduce users to metrics for diversity and diversification rates. We build a simulator to explore the diversification of lineages within a cultural form. Empirically, we contextualize these analyses within diversity of car models that make up American automobiles throughout the 20th century (Gjesfjeld et al. 2020).
How to start this tutorial
Boyd, R., M. Borgerhoff-Mulder, W. Durham, and P. Richerson. Are Cultural Phylogenies Possible? In Human by Nature, Between Biology and the Social Sciences, edited by P. Weingart, P. Richerson, S.D. Mithcell, and S. Maasen, 355–86. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Assoicates, 1997. [Link]
Foster, Jacob G. Culture and Computation: Steps to a Probably Approximately Correct Theory of Culture. Poetics 68 (1 June 2018): 144–54. [Link]
Gjesfjeld, Erik, Daniele Silvestro, Jonathan Chang, Bernard Koch, Jacob G. Foster, and Michael E. Alfaro. A Quantitative Workflow for Modeling Diversification in Material Culture. PLOS ONE 15, no. 2 (6 February 2020): e0227579. [Link]
Gray, Russell D., Alexei J. Drummond, and Simon J. Greenhill. Language Phylogenies Reveal Expansion Pulses and Pauses in Pacific Settlement. Science 323, no. 5913 (2009): 479–483. [Link]
Mesoudi, Alex. Pursuing Darwin's Curious Parallel: Prospects for a Science of Cultural Evolution. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 114, no. 30 (2017): 7853–7860. [Link]
Mesoudi, Alex, Andrew Whiten, and Kevin N. Laland. Towards a Unified Science of Cultural Evolution. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29, no. 4 (August 2006): 329–47. [Link]
Raup, David M., Stephen Jay Gould, Thomas J. M. Schopf, and Daniel S. Simberloff. Stochastic Models of Phylogeny and the Evolution of Diversity. The Journal of Geology 81, no. 5 (1 September 1973): 525–42. [Link]
Silvestro, Daniele, Nicolas Salamin, Alexandre Antonelli, and Xavier Meyer. Improved Estimation of Macroevolutionary Rates from Fossil Data Using a Bayesian Framework. Paleobiology 45, no. 4 (2019): 546–70. [Link]
Sperber, Dan. Explaining Culture: A Naturalistic Approach. Oxford: Blackwell, 1996.
This project was supported by Grant #61105 from the John Templeton Foundation to the University of Tennessee, Knoxville (PIs: S. Gavrilets and P. J. Richerson) with assistance from the Center for the Dynamics of Social Complexity and the National Institute for Mathematical and Biological Synthesis at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville.
The Cultural Evolution Society's Online Learning Tutorial Series is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. For designers' contact information, click here.